Monkeypox is a double standard DNA transmitted to humans from monkeys. It was first discovered in Africa, the areas containing tropical forests where a variety of monkeys are living. This virus is transmitted from animal to animal and also from animal to human. It brings a serious illness to the body. Monkeypox is transmitted to humans from animals or a human who is infected or in any close contact with the material which contains the virus. According to a research report presented by WHO, Monkeypox brings to body lankness of energy, lack of appetite, affects immunity, high fever, lesions, rash, and swollen lymph nodes. It may be leading to more complications, especially when the infected person is a child or old manor has less immunity.
The incubation period of this disease is about 6 to 13 days. It may be 21 days or more. early symptoms start appearing within the first 5 days which are high fever, illness, back pain, swelling of lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), muscle aches (myalgia), and lack of energy. Lymphadenopathy is the symptom that makes it different from chickenpox and smallpox because this symptom is specifically related to only monkeypox.
Within three days of fever appeared skin eruption and lesions start appearing on the skin and creating a bad irritation. There is not a fixed number of lesions that appear, it may be from a few to hundreds.
Diagnosis (Monkeypox Symptoms):
In real vision via clinical diagnosis, it is impossible to diagnose this disease without a laboratory diagnosis. The reason may be that other infections like chickenpox, measles, bacterial skin infections, and smallpox also show similar symptoms to monkeypox. The clinical diagnosis helps in differentiating the virus from others discussed before. An appropriate sample should be collected by medical staff and transported safely to the laboratory with appropriate capability. it depends on the laboratory’s quality of test whether monkeypox is confirmed or not. PCR blood test is not preferred because this virus affects only the skin, it does not go into the blood.
To interpret test results, it is necessary to provide the patient’s information specimen which are:
- Date of fever onset
- Date of sample collection
- Date of rash onset.
- The current stage of the rash
- Age of the patient
Medication and prevention
Monkeypox is a time-limited disease, there is a specific time period in which it affects a patient. Mostly time period of incubation is 0-5 days. And after that, it cures itself in 4 -5 days. The total time mostly taken to completely cure this disease is 9-13 days. There is not any special medication for this disease, it depends on the immunity of the patient and how long its effects on the body. People should be taking nutritious food and good sleep to boost their immunity; some vitamin supplements cans also work for this. Cleanliness is most important, the patient’s bed and everything in the surrounding should be clean and aromatic. Other home mates should not share anything with the patient like his towel, bed, or anything that came in direct contact with his skin. Close contact of breaths or the body should also be avoided.
This awareness should be spread to everyone so that everyone can take precautions to be safe from this disease.